What are the causes of TMJ Disorders

TMJ Disorders

tmjTMJ stands for temporomandibular joint. It is the joint that connects your upper and lower jaw and it is located near your ears.

TMJ disorders are often associated with intense jaw pain and nearby parts of the face, ear, head and teeth. The pain can also extend up to the neck and shoulders, and even the back.

Struggle when chewing, locking of the jaw, grinding and clenching of the teeth during daytime and sore jaws when clicking or popping.

See your dentist if you experience any of these symptoms  to have your jaw and bite examined.

Causes of TMJ Disorders

Incorrect bite as a result of missing or misaligned teeth, misfitting dentures, injuries and trauma to the face and jaw, as well as hereditary factors are among some of the reasons that can cause TMJ problems.   Teeth clenching or grinding during sleep can also contribute to jaw disorders, because it can strain or damage the joint.

Treatment of TMJ Disorders

TMJ disorders can be addressed in a wide range of treatment options. The treatment can be as simple as breaking out of certain habits such as consumption of chewing gum, or as complicated as application of orthodontic appliances and even surgery.   Without proper diagnosis of the root cause of a patient’s TMJ disorder, it is not possible to know what the proper treatment is for each patient.

For those who experience teeth grinding and clenching at night, the use of a mouth guard is suggested. It will minimize or prevent the grinding of teeth, preventing your jaw muscles from strain and tension. Some patients wear temporary splints during daytime, which has the same function as the mouth guard.

More intensive and invasive procedures are also available for people who are suffering from intense aching of the jaw muscles. Corticosteoid injections are an example of this; they are used to ease the inflammation of the muscles. It is imperative that you consult your dentist before undergoing any procedure or treatment option.

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